Compete with each other for good deeds.
Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Issues regarding Supplications, their Virtues and Supplications of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)
1468. `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to supplicate:
"Allahumma inni as’alukal-huda, wat-tuqa, wal-`afafa, wal-ghina
(O Allah! I beseech You for guidance, piety, chastity and contentment).”
Commentary: ”Guidance” means guidance towards virtue which one needs at every step.
The ability to do good and steadfastness on the Right Path is also covered by the term guidance.
To comply with the Orders of Allah and to prevent oneself from what He has forbidden is Taqwa (fear of Allah), the importance of which needs no elaboration. `Affaf is prevention from sins. It also means evasion from seeking help from others.
"Ghina" means riches which makes one independent of others so much so that all one’s hopes are centered on Allah Alone. The prayer quoted in this Hadith is very comprehensive indeed.
The linguistic definition of bid’ah: newly invented matter.
The Shari’ah definition of bid’ah as defined by Imaam Ash-Shaatibee (Rahimahullaah) in his book, Al ‘Itisaam, 1/37:
"Newly invented way (beliefs and actions) in the religion, in imitation of the Shari’ah (prescribed law), by which nearness to Allaah is sought, not being supported by any authentic proof-neither in its foundations, nor in the manner in which it is performed."
Avoiding innovations is one of the greatest foundations and principles of Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah and it involves: Having hatred for it, keeping away from it, and warning the people about it.
[Foundations of the Sunnah by Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (Rahimahullaah)]
(1) Tak pernah sadar dengan hari akhirat,
(2) Tak bisa memahami hakikat kebenaran,
(3) Menuduh orang yang taat dengan kurang akal,
(4) Mendahulukan ridha manusia dibanding ridha Allah,
(5) Bersamaan dengan sifat-sifat itu, dia sangka bahwa dirinya adalah manusia yang paling mengerti dan memahami.
@Dr_Alshathry - Dr. Sa’ad Asy Syitsriy, Doktor dalam bidang Ushul Fiqh, pernah menjadi anggota Hai’ah Kibaril Ulama (Lembaga Ulama Senior di Saudi Arabia), kini menjabat dosen di King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh. (via twitulama)
Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said concerning the matter of feeling happy about something:
"If he makes istakhaarah, then whatever Allah makes him feel happy about and makes easy for him, this is what Allah has chosen for him."
(Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa, 10/539)